domingo, 26 de março de 2017

Boa forma (Portuguese) (good physical condition)

Cadernos PROTESTE (Portuguese) (notebooks PROTESTE), DECO PROTESTE Editions:

In: Bibliografia.bnportugal.pt. (2016). BNP - Bibliografia Nacional Portuguesa. [online] Available at: http://bibliografia.bnportugal.pt/bnp/bnp.exe/queryED?sed=DECO+PROTESTE [Accessed 26 Mar. 2017].

It is a diary in which we write what we eat daily, our physical activity goals and we point out parameters such as weight and heart rate under stress. It also gives interesting tips such as:
  • «(...) maintaining a good relationship with others is the best recipe for balance. (...).»
  • «(...) Next to the escalators is there a staircase? Make yourself to it to "put the machine to move." (...).»
  • «An idea is just a dream until you write it: then it becomes a goal.»
  • «Simulate your individual energy needs in www.deco.proteste.pt/alimentacao/emagrecer
  • «There should be an alternation between meat, eggs, and fish, with a preponderance for the consumption of fish.»
  • We should eat 3-5 servings of fruit per day.
  • «(...). Throughout the day, (...) five or six meals (...).»
  • «(...). In the case of prolonged fasting (for example, when waking up), (...) it is good to give our body simple carbohydrates ([...] a piece of fruit, a fruit juice or an ice cream), (...).»
  • «Occasional and moderate consumption: products rich in sugar and fat (cakes, patties, puff pastries, salty, desserts, soft drinks, chips, sausages) and alcohol.»
  • «(...) the water supply (...) important role in controlling appetite. (...) liter and a half to two liters per day, which corresponds to about seven to nine glasses. (...).»
  • «... when we write down everything we eat, we are less likely to commit infractions, and we gain an effective awareness of what we eat!»
  • «... to lose weight, which even results is to increase consumption of vegetables and fruit, cut back on fats and sweets, increase the number of daily meals and physical exercise.»
  • «(...) bread, (...). Avoid barring it with fatty products like butter or chocolate paste; (...).»
  • «... banana is a relatively complete and nutritious food. It is rich in potassium, iron, and magnesium. Its caloric value is high (...).»
  • «... fat slows digestion, (...). The consumption of meals with sauces, olive oil or butter should be moderate before a workout.»
  • «... exercise reduces the likelihood of developing type II diabetes by 40 percent and by 35 percent the risk of cardiovascular disease.»
  • «... very sugary foods with low fiber (for example, cakes) cause a greater release of insulin, (...).»
  • «... the legumes (...) are very energetic, (...) few fats.»

terça-feira, 10 de janeiro de 2017

Grandes personagens da História de Portugal (Portuguese) (Great personalities of the History of Portugal)

By Lourenço Pereira Coutinho:
GRANDES PERSONAGENS DA HISTÓRIA DE PORTUGAL | e-cultura [Internet]. E-cultura.sapo.pt. 2017 [cited 10 January 2017]. Available from: http://www.e-cultura.sapo.pt/artigo/7472.

I loved the course on «History of Portugal» taught by the author in the facilities of El Corte Inglés, Lisbon, Portugal. The author is an excellent communicator and storyteller. At the same time, I bought the book and delighted me with a mature and attractive writing. Only the last two chapters seem to have been written by another person, in a different, less succinct style. The book talks about the following Portuguese personalities:
  • D. Afonso Henriques, the conqueror of a kingdom;
  • João XXI, the Portuguese Pope;
  • D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, holy and constable;
  • D. João II, the prince of the great century;
  • Damião de Goes, the Humanism of the seventh century;
  • Father António Vieira, the Portugal of the Restoration;
  • Marquis of Pombal, a despot illuminated:
    • «(...), the University taught only absolute truths, without any incentive to speculation and, with few exceptions, with little interest in experimental teaching, so that they came out of it only spirits formatted and non-critical ability.»
    • «(...) D. João V (...) was unable to envision the future and forearm the Kingdom for the eventuality of the end of abundance and times of tranquility./(...) lacked him a truly comprehensive and strategic vision, a factor that distinguishes great statesmen from those who only fulfill their duty within the framework they encounter.»
    • «(...) The young Sebastião José was already showing signs of not getting along with the authority, this when he was not in charge.»
  • D. Carlos I, a poorly known king:
    • «The "English Ultimatum" (...) provoked a chorus of indignation among the most inattentive people, setting the tone for a serious contestation to the regime.»/(...) Public participation was carried out through parties with no connection with national reality and was fed by favors and commitments that guaranteed comfortable places in the State, thus ensuring the necessary political loyalties./Despite progress, Portuguese society continued to sail in still waters, had little critical sense, no commitment and was devoid of true independence. (...).»
    • «(...) The regenerating party was an amalgam of factions without a definite program, and progressives oscillated between the fierce criticism of the Crown, when in opposition, and an enervating placidity, when in Government./Nothing united these political groups to the national reality, nor did any cause motivate them then, (...).»
    • «(...), Oliveira Martins (...) took measures (...) to control the public deficit by raising taxes and cutting benefits. But none of this came and the sacrifices demanded by the Government resulted in nothing. In 1893, Dias Ferreira refused to appeal again to the external credit and the country fell into bankruptcy.»
    • «(...), the major problem of the Portuguese system was not, however, in formal or legal aspects, but in the lack of representativeness of the political system. (...).»
    • «(...) D. Carlos was (...) the first Portuguese head of state to systematically use State visits as an instrument of foreign policy./(...) the heirs of the throne made study visits by Europe to complete their education, (...).»
    • «Between 1893 and 1906, regenerators and progressives alternated quietly in power, distributing seats in the State and ensuring the political irrelevance of all other political groupings, thanks to successive electoral laws that only benefited them.»
  • Afonso Costa, The lord of the republic:
    • «Like all memorable characters, it generated deep hatreds and great admirations. In his case, this was deliberately provoked, because he almost always acted in such a way that his public acts were not consensual. (...) had a Manichean view of politics and often artificially extremed positions so as not to leave room for compromises.»
    • «(...) separating waters, pointing out enemies and contributing to a radicalization that, in the end, ended up victimizing him politically.»
    • «(...) others more mundane like Afonso Costa were more flexible or rather ambiguous and argued that Republicans should establish alliances to strengthen themselves politically.»
    • «Contrary to what Alfonso Costa had foreseen, the entry of the Great War only aggravated the Portuguese problems. (...)./(...) because they were fighting away from their country in a war where mainland Portugal was not being threatened or advocating any cause of its own (...)./Internally, the Great War brought more scarcity (...)./(...) participation in the European war resulted in a gratuitous and unjustified death.»
    • «(...) Sidónio Pais (...)/(...), the new President was (...) anticlerical and Masonic, (...).»
    • «Among the powers, it was widely believed that Portugal had no capacity to administer more colonies (...).»
    • «In the 1920s, the Republic failed to generate motivating causes or figures that could reverse the chaotic state of public affairs. (...).»
    • «In May 1926, the First Republic fell and gave way to a military dictatorship of republican and conservative matrix, (...)./(...), it lasted until 1933, when the civil element imposed the establishment of a formally corporate regime, the New State, which later evolved into an authoritarian system of traditionalist inspiration, centered on the figure of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, (...).»
    • «(...) social peace, (...) at the expense of the silencing of oppositions; political stability, (...) due to the abolition of political parties; and economic balance, made possible by the implementation of protectionist measures [the New State].»

Northanger Abbey (A abadia de Northanger [Portuguese])

By Jane Austen:
A Abadia de Northanger - Jane Austen em Fnac.pt [Internet]. Fnac.com. 2017 [cited 10 January 2017]. Available from: http://www.fnac.pt/A-Abadia-de-Northanger-Jane-Austen/a959154.

This novel of Jane Austen is funny, but it still reveals some immaturity, and the romantic emotion is not of the same magnitude as one feels, for example, in «Persuation» or «Pride and Prejudice». The novel ends with a marriage in which there seems no love, there are enchantment and admiration on the part of Catherine and sympathy from Mr. Tilney.
Some more interesting quotes:
  • «Her mother was a woman of useful plain sense, with a good temper, (...).»
  • «(...) she was training for a heroine; she read all such works as heroines must read to supply their memories with those quotations which are so serviceable and so soothing in the vicissitudes of their eventful lives.»
  • «And from Shakespeare, she gained a great store of information - amongst the rest, that - (...) a young woman in love always looks "like Patience (...)/Smiling at Grief."»
  • «(...) when a young lady is to be a heroine, the perverseness of forty surrounding families cannot prevent her. Something must and will happen to throw a hero in a way.»
  • «(...) if adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad, (...).»
  • «(...) it is this delightful habit of journaling which largely contributes to form the easy style of writing which ladies are so celebrated. (...) the talent of writing agreeable letters is peculiarly female. Nature may have done something, but (...) it must be essentially assisted by the practice of keeping a journal."»
  • «Mr. Tilney was polite enough to seem interested in what she said.»
  • «Pump Room», a historic building in the Abbey Church Yard, «Bath», Somerset, England:
By Palmer, 1804. Source: Jane Austen's World. (2008). The Pump Room’s Little-Known and Well-Known Facts. [online] Available at: https://janeaustensworld.wordpress.com/2008/10/06/the-pump-rooms-little-known-and-well-known-facts/ [Accessed 28 Jan. 2017].

Entrance to the Pump Room. Source: Jane Austen's World. (2008). The Pump Room’s Little-Known and Well-Known Facts. [online] Available at: https://janeaustensworld.wordpress.com/2008/10/06/the-pump-rooms-little-known-and-well-known-facts/ [Accessed 28 Jan. 2017].

1841. Source: Art.bathnes.gov.uk. (n.d.). Collection Search - Search results. [online] Available at: http://art.bathnes.gov.uk/ow23/collections/rechcroisee.xsp?f=Ensemble&v=&f=Placesearch_field&v=Pump+Room&e= [Accessed 28 Jan. 2017].

The Early Eighteenth Century Pump Room, 1855. Source: Art.bathnes.gov.uk. (n.d.). Collection Search - Search results. [online] Available at: http://art.bathnes.gov.uk/ow23/collections/rechcroisee.xsp?f=Ensemble&v=&f=Placesearch_field&v=Pump+Room&e= [Accessed 28 Jan. 2017].
  • «Crescent», a row of 30 terraced houses laid out in a sweeping crescent in the city of Bath, England:
Bath, L. (n.d.). Live the sense and sensibilities of Jane Austen’s Bath. [online] VisitEngland. Available at: https://www.visitengland.com/experience/live-sense-and-sensibilities-jane-austens-bath [Accessed 2 Feb. 2017].

de Vos, M. (2005). The Royal Crescent, Bath. [online] Pinterest. Available at: https://pt.pinterest.com/mariammustaffa/the-royal-crescent-bath/ [Accessed 2 Feb. 2017].

  • «(...) curiosity could do no more. (...) This sort of mysteriousness, which is always so becoming in a hero, threw a fresh grace in Catherine's imagination around his person and manners and increased the anxiety to know more of him [Mr. Tilney]. (...) and his impression on her fancy was not suffered therefore to weaken.»
  • «If the heroine of one novel be not patronized by the heroine of another, from whom can she expect protection and regard?»
  • «(...) some work in which the greatest powers of the mind are displayed, in which the most thorough knowledge of human nature, the happiest delineation of varieties, the liveliest effusions of wit and humour, are conveyed to the world in the best-chosen language.»
  • Milsom Street, Bath:
Woodruffe R. Collection Search - Display one record. Artbathnesgovuk. Available at: http://art.bathnes.gov.uk/ow23/collections/voir.xsp?id=00101-11535&qid=sdx_q0&n=3&e=. Accessed March 6, 2017.

TravellingBazaar - Bath Travel Guide. Travellingbazaarcom. 2009. Available at: http://www.travellingbazaar.com/Bath%203.html. Accessed March 6, 2017.

  • «(...) Where the heart is really attached, (...). Everything is so insipid, so interesting, that does not relate to the beloved object! (...).»
  • «(...) It appeared first in a general dissatisfaction with everybody about her, while she remained in the rooms, which speedily brought on considerable weariness and a violent desire to go home. (...).»
  • «(...) she had not been brought up to understand the propensities of a rattle, nor to know to how many idle assertions and impudent falsehoods the excess of vanity will lead. Her own family were plain, matter-of-fact people who seldom aimed at wit of any kind; her father, at the utmost, being contented with a pun, and her mother with a proverb; they were not in the habit therefore of telling lies to increase their importance, or of asserting at one moment what they would contradict the next. (...).»
  • «(...). In a private consultation between Isabella and James, the former of whom had particularly set her heart upon going, and the latter no less anxiously placed his upon pleasing her, (...). (...).»
  • «(...) Where people wish to attach, they should always be ignorant. To come with a well-informed mind is to come with an inability to administering the vanity of others, which a sensible person would always wish to avoid. (...).»
  • «(...): the present was now comprised in another three weeks, and her happiness being certain for that period, the rest of her life was at such distance as to excite but little interest. (...).»
  • «It was wonderful that her friends should seem so little elated by the possession of such a home, that the consciousness of it should be so meekly borne. The power of early habit only would account for it. A distinction to which they have been born gave no pride. They superiority of abode was no more to them than their superiority of person.»
  • «"But now you love a hyacinth. So much the better. You have gained a new source of enjoyment, and it is well to have as many holds upon happiness as possible. (...)?"/(...)/"(...) The mere habit of learning to love is the thing; and a teachableness of disposition in a young lady is a great blessing. (...)?"»
  • «"(...) The money is nothing, it is not an object, but employment is the thing. (...)."»
  • «(...) She could remember dozens who have persevered in every possible vice, going on from crime to crime, murdering whomsoever they chose, without any feeling of humanity or remorse; till a violent death or a religious retirement closed their black career. (...).»
  • «"(...) Does our education prepare us for such atrocities? Do our laws connive at them? Could they be perpetrated without being known, in a country like this, where social and literary intercourse is on such a footing, where every man is surrounded by a neighbourhood of voluntary spies, and where roads and newspaper lay everything open? (...)?"»
  • «(...). (...) when she promise a thing, she was so scrupulous in performing it! (...)!»
  • «"(...) our pleasures in this world are always to be paid for, and (...) we often purchase them at a great disadvantage, giving ready-monied actual happiness for a draft on the future, that be not be honoured. (...)."»
  • «(...) Mrs. Morland endeavoured to impress on her daughter's mind the happiness of having such steady well-wishers (...), and the very little consideration which the neglect or unkindness of slight acquaintance like the Tilneys ought to have with her, while she could preserve the good opinion and affection of her earliest friends. There was a great deal of good sense in all this; but there are some situations of the human mind in which good sense has very little power; (...).»
  • «"There is a very clever essay in one of the books upstairs upon much such a subject, about young girls that have been spoilt for home by great acquaintance - The Mirror, I think. (...)"»
  • «"(...) She is ingenuous, but not stupid, and she is keen to detect the falseness of others, (...) [Afterword by P. D. James, 2014]."»
  • «"(...) She is deeply in love, and it is, more moderately, reciprocated by Henry, whose affection is based on her effusive passion for him [Afterword by P. D. James, 2014]."»
  • «"The reader may wonder if the wedding will be the happiest of all marriages of the six Jane Austen novels. Henry Tilney is a very insightful young man, and Catherine will hardly match him in conversation, wit or intelligence. (...) [Afterword by P. D. James, 2014]."»

sexta-feira, 30 de dezembro de 2016

Naked in death (In death #1) (Nudez mortal [Portuguese])

By Nora Roberts:
Images.gr-assets.com. (n.d.). [online] Available at: https://images.gr-assets.com/books/1462140609l/30070295.jpg [Accessed 30 Dec. 2016].

It was my first meeting with a crime novel by Nora Roberts. It's a very nice novel, because it mixes the typical police literature with a love story. But do not underestimate the author as police writer! Nora Roberts is very good at imagining crime scenes and suspense. The novel is written in a future age, but without eccentricities.
Some quotes from this first book of the «In death» series, preceding «Glory in death», by the pseudonym J. D. Robb:
  • «"(...) She told me once she'd never planned on making a career out of professional sex. She'd only gotten into it to make her family crazy. But then, after she got into it, she decided she liked it." (...) "So she stayed in the life, and killed two birds with one fuck. (...)"»
  • «Eve hated funerals. She detested the rite human beings insisted on giving death. (...). There might be a God. She hadn't completely ruled such things out. And if there were, she thought, It must have enjoyed a good laugh over Its creations' useless rituals and passages.»
  • «I hate to wast time», Roarke said.
  • «"(...) Some men find the cool, disinterested, and understated attractive. Makes them think you're deep. (...)"», Mavis said, Eve's friend.
  • «"So how did you get rich?" She asked him./"Various ways." (...).», Roarke replied./«"Name one."», Eve requested./«"Desire" (...).», Roarcke said./«"Not good enough." (...) "Most people want to be rich."», Eve said.»/«"They do not want  it enough. To fight for it. To take risks for it."», he aswered.
  • «(...) She didn't have your thoroughness, Eve, your control, nor your enviable concentration.», Roarke said.
  • «And it was terrifying to realize she believed him, and not be sure, not be absolutely certain if she believed because she needed to.»
  • «"(...) The most obvious would be the subject could find her self-worth only in sexual skill. She either enjoyed or detested the act."/(...). "If she detested it, why would she become a pro?"/"To punish."/"Herself?"/"Certainly, and those close to her."»
  • «"Whatever we've done in genetic engineering, in vitro, with social programs, we still can't control basic human failings: violence, lust, envy."/"The seven deadly sins."»
  • «That was the biggest problem with getting used to someone, she thought. You were lonely when they weren't there.»

domingo, 11 de dezembro de 2016

As pequenas memórias [Portuguese] (Small memories)

By José Saramago:
Bibliblogue.files.wordpress.com. (2016). [online] Available at: https://bibliblogue.files.wordpress.com/2012/12/500_9789722118316_as_pequenas_memorias.jpg [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

It is an interesting memoir of a sad man, who bitterly mourns his youth of poverty. No man should be saddened by his past. All that Saramago lived was beautiful, unique, and he should feel proud.
Some passages from the book:
  • «Let yourself be carried by the child you were.», by The Portuguese King Dom Duarte, in «O leal conselheiro [Portuguese] (The loyal counselor)».
  • The parents of Saramago:
Propor.esccb.pt. (2016). .:: ProPor .::. José Saramago ::.. [online] Available at: http://propor.esccb.pt/saramago/saramago_biobiblio.htm [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].
  • Village of Azinhaga and the river Almonda, Golegã, Santarém:
6.fotos.web.sapo.io. (2016). [online] Available at: http://6.fotos.web.sapo.io/i/B4e0876c0/19812430_GfzW7.jpeg [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

Grandeturismo.com. (2016). [online] Available at: http://www.grandeturismo.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/IMG_9480.jpg [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

  • Saramago with his mother, at the door of the ground-floor house where he was born, in Azinhaga:
Propor.esccb.pt. (2016). .:: ProPor .::. José Saramago ::.. [online] Available at: http://propor.esccb.pt/saramago/saramago_biobiblio.htm [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

  • «Only I knew, unaware that I knew it, that (...) it had been written that I would still have to return to Azinhaga to finish being born.»
  • «For each olive tree plucked, the European Community paid a premium to landowners, mostly large landlords, (...).»
  • «It is now said that it is returning to plant olive trees, but of those that, for many years that live, will always be small. They grow faster and the olives are easily picked.»
  • «This loss, however, has long ceased to cause me suffering because, by the reconstructive power of memory, I can raise its white walls at every instant, (...).»
  • Olive grove:
Pakandl, P. (2016). [online] Emforma.net. Available at: http://www.emforma.net/imagens/olival.jpg [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].


  • «(...) the dense forest of tamarins, (...)»:
Lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au. (2013). Australian Tamaricaceae. [online] Available at: http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/plants/tama/tamaricaceae.html [Accessed 16 Dec. 2016].
  • Fagus:
Depositphotos, I. (2016). Feuilles de hêtre à grandes feuilles d'automne. [online] Depositphotos. Available at: http://fr.depositphotos.com/4203704/stock-photo-fall-leaves-of-american-beech.html [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • Ash trees:
ArbreMons, (2011). Panoramio - Photo of Fraxinus angustifolia. [online] Panoramio.com. Available at: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/55469768 [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • Populus alba L.:
Bico, M. (2014). Panoramio - Photo of Choupo ou Álamo (Populus alba L.), Jardim Botânico de Almada/ Casa da Cerca, Almada, Portugal. [online] Panoramio.com. Available at: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/108318215 [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • «(...) the Paul de Boquilobo, a lake, a swamp, a marsh that the landscape maker had forgotten to take to paradise.»:
Visitportugal.com. (2013). Reserva Natural do Paul do Boquilobo. [online] Available at: https://www.visitportugal.com/pt-pt/NR/exeres/939FE05F-5E3C-47BC-8E2C-9E0E7B63F2E0 [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • Blackberry bush:
Xavier, J. (2010). As amoras silvestres. [online] As plantas. Available at: https://asplantas.wordpress.com/2010/09/29/as-amoras-silvestres/ [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • «(...) to listen to (...) the silence of the forest broken only by the tweet of the birds and the ranger of the branches under the impulse of the wind, (...)»
  • The morass:
Cm-santarem.pt. (2016). Caracterização Ambiental. [online] Available at: http://www.cm-santarem.pt/concelho/caracterizacaodoconcelho/Paginas/ambiental.aspx [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • «(...) weeping willow which grow in water, they aren't, one might say, a special justification in an age such as ours, in which, at five or six years of age, any child of the civilized world, even sedentary and indolent, (...) has already decimated the terrifying exercise of mechanical dragons awaiting the gold of Fort Knox, has already blown the king of tyrannosaurs to pieces.»:
park, S. (2016). Willow tree in park. [online] Dreamstime.com. Available at: https://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photo-willow-tree-park-image15383980 [Accessed 17 Dec. 2016].

  • Fig tree (Ficus):
INTERIORES, R. (2016). ÁRVORE: FIGUEIRA. [online] Rwpaisagismo.blogspot.pt. Available at: http://rwpaisagismo.blogspot.pt/2012/12/arvore-figueira.html [Accessed 20 Dec. 2016].

  • «Very little, in fact, but it is very likely that the heroic winner of tyrannosaurus would not even be able to catch a gecko at hand.»
  • «Uncle António Barata did not spend saliva in circumlocutions, metaphors and periphrases, he called him silly directly, with all the letters. (...) Leandro (...) was dyslexic.»
  • «(...) the most primitive of the refreshments that have already passed through my throat: a mixture of water, vinegar and sugar, (...).»
  • «(...) many hours spent in vain (in vain, to tell the truth, none, because, without my realizing it, I was "fishing" things that would not be less important to me in the future, images, smells, sounds, breezes, sensations).»
  • «In fact, child cruelty has no limits (this is the underlying reason not to have them also that of adults).»
  • «(...) and two little drawers on the sides, full of odds and ends that were of no use and were going from one year to the other without visible changes of content.»
  • «((...) in those days, "returning to penates" meant simply "returning home").»
  • «I was 10 years old, but I read plainly, and I understood perfectly what I read, besides I do not make, at such a young age, too many spelling mistakes, which, by the way, is no merit worthy of a medal in that time.»

sábado, 12 de novembro de 2016

Ghosts, appearances of the dead and cultural transformation (Fantasmas, aparições dos mortos e transformação cultural [Portuguese])

By Ronald C. Finucane:
LX Portugal. (2016). Colecção Enigmas de Todos os Tempos (Bertrand Editora). [online] Available at: https://www.olx.pt/anuncio/coleco-enigmas-de-todos-os-tempos-bertrand-editora-IDzcYdx.html [Accessed 12 Nov. 2016].


It is a book of world history. It tells us many stories told in various parts of the world. The author seems impartial, but he tends not to believe in them. Hovewer, there are many inexplicable and terrifying facts. Nevertheless, the book is important for the historical wealth.
Some interesting passages:
  • «(...) a moment of earthly life represents a very, very long time in purgatorio.» (in F.C. Tubach, Speculum Laicorum, Folklore fellow communications, 1969).
  • «(...) Glanvill hoped that these apparitions of ghosts would confuse the materialistic atheists and the heretical sectarians of his time./Nonconformists were also interested in collecting and publishing examples of evidence of immortality.» (in Chapter 5 - Baroque hauntings of the seventeenth century).
  • «(...) about half of the narratives deal with precautions about heirs, warnings to the living, and murders.» (in Chapter 5 - Baroque hauntings of the seventeenth century).
  • «(...) poltergeists. (...) the name of two German words, which mean "creating a disturbance" (or, more specifically, producing deaf noises, rolling or blowing furiously), and "spirits." Although examples can be found in the early centuries, this form of spiritual persecution only becomes vulgar in the post-Reformation era.» (in Chapter 5 - Baroque hauntings of the seventeenth century).
  • «(...) Flowers on the graves - originally a pagan custom (...).»
  • «Nothing is more common, in rural areas, than an entire family on a winter night, sitting around the fire and telling stories of apparitions and ghosts. (...) this helps the fears of men and makes them often imagine that they see things, which in reality are no more than their imagination [said by Henry Bourne].» (in Chapter 6 - The Enlightenment and "Atheism").
  • «As for the nature of legitimate appearances, Defoe believes that they are demonic agents or benevolent celestial beings, like the ethereal and astral spirits of previous generations, that occasionally provide men with warnings and advice [in Moreton/Defoe, Secrets, pp. 78 ff.].» (in Chapter 6 - The Enlightenment and "Atheism").
  • «It is wonderful how it has been five thousand years since the creation of the world and it has not yet been decided whether or not the spirit of some person has ever appeared after death. All arguments are against; but faith is in favor.», said Dr. Johnson.
  • «(...) funeral in life (...). (...) tafophobia (...). (...) premature funeral (...). (...) Edgar Allan Poe reproduced accurately the contemporary apprehensions in his "premature funeral" of the 40s.»
  • «(...) Victorian interest in funerary things was also reflected in the way it was depicted and encouraged in the "Gothic" horror or ghost stories, that attracted the best authors in the second half of the nineteenth century. (...) products of the Romantic movement. (...), this movement was in itself a reaction to the scientific and agnostic tendencies of the time, (...).»
  • «(...) mesmerism (...). The work of Anton Mesmer (...). Supposedly, the spirits of the dead used "animal magnetism" over certain living beings - "sensitives", or mediums - to carry out these interviews, (...). (...), the original idea of Mesmer, of channeling the animal magnetism for the accomplishment of cures, (...).»
  • «(...) the famous case of the "Rochester Beats" of 1848. (...) it is said that the modern spiritualist movement dates from 1848, (...). (...) Rochester has captivated the imaginations of those seeking evidence of what they wanted to believe.»
  • «(...) dead spoke (...) assuring that there is no pain on the Other Side and that the spirits ascended to various levels - current gnosticism - until all were finally saved (...).»
  • «(...) these people wanted in such a way to communicate with spirits, that any approach to their expectations was accepted as reality. (...) the best results were achieved only with "believing" participants [nineteenth century].»

sábado, 5 de novembro de 2016

The trial (o processo [Portuguese])

By Franz Kafka:
Fnac.com. (2016). O Processo - Franz Kafka em Fnac.pt. [online] Available at: http://www.fnac.pt/O-Processo-Franz-Kafka/a84874 [Accessed 5 Nov. 2016].
A novel of anxiety, persecution, paranoia, where death is the freedom. Some quotes:
  • «(...) it was in everyone's interest to bring proceedings quickly to their conclusion, but on the other hand every aspect of the examinations had to be carried out thoroughly without lasting too long because of the associated stress. For these reasons, it had been decided to hold a series of brief examinations following on one after another. Sunday had been chosen as the day for the hearings so that K. would not be disturbed in his professional work. (...) if he wished for another date then, as far as possible, he would be accommodated. (...) could even be held in the night, for instance, but K. would probably not be fresh enough at that time.»
  • «(...) this invitation from the deputy director, with whom he had never got on very well, meant that he was trying to improve his relations with him. It showed how important K. had become (...) and how its second most important official seemed to value his friendship, or at least his impartiality.»
  • «(...) advisable to prepare a written defense (...). In it he would offer a brief overview of his life, and for each event of any particular importance, explain why he had acted as he did, whether in his present judgment this course of action deserved approval or censure, and what reasons he could advance for the one or the other.»
  • «Now and then he [Leni] gave K. a few empty admonitions, as if talking to a child. Speeches as useless as they were boring, (...).»
  • «(...) the first impression made by the defense often influenced the whole course of the proceedings.»
  • «For the lawyers — and even the least important of them has at least a partial overview of the circumstances — are far from wishing to introduce or carry out any sort of improvement in the court system; (...). Just don't attract attention! Keep calm, no matter how much it seems counter to good sense. (...) this vast judicial organism remains (...) in a state of eternal equilibrium, (...) if you change something on your own where you are, you can cut the ground out from under your own feet and fall, while the vast organism easily compensates for the minor disturbance at some other spot — after all, everything is interconnected — and remains unchanged; (...).»
  • «Reproaches are of little value, particularly when it seems the full import of what has caused them cannot be conveyed, (...).»
  • «“Is that an officially recognized position?” “No,” said the painter (...): “Well, such unofficial positions often carry more influence than ones that are recognized.”»
  • «(...) sitting in front of him and taken by surprise by his dismissal, K. would be able easily to infer everything he wanted from the lawyer's face and behaviour, (...).»
  • «Merely by being in possession of a thick overcoat he felt his advantage over this thin little man.»
  • «"(...) I dislike your anxiety and fear and see that you don't have the trust in me you should have. (...)."»
  • «It would not have been difficult for him to turn down most of these jobs, but he did not dare to do so because, if his fears had the slightest foundation, turning the jobs down would have been an acknowledgement of them.»
  • «"(...) Above all, the free man is superior to the man who has to serve another. (...)."»
  • «(...) "the only thing I can do now is keep my common sense and do what's needed right till the end. (...) Should I go out like someone stupid? (...)."»
  • «"(...) the slightest uncertainty in the least significant of matters will always remain a cause of suffering and if, as in this case, it can be removed without substantial effort, then it is better if that is done without delay."»
  • "Gradually (...) they met so often together that all differences of culture, profession and age have become blurred.»
  • «(...), he was very courteous and very modest before everyone and, most important thing even than the courtesy and modesty, he could distinguish between the different hierarchical levels of gentlemen and deal with each man according to his condition.»
  • «He should not make believe to the interim director he was over (...); he should disturb his calm, he should realize as often as possible that K. was alive and, like everything that lives, he was capable of surprise him one day with new features, even if now he seemed very harmless.»
  • «(...) he avoided neglect or jump over the minimum difficulty; (...).»
  • «They are lower-level employees, and the last of the nulls; (...) So it is virtually impossible to raise them obstacles; no strange hand knew to raise on their way an obstacle equal to their stupidity (...).»